Journalism without proper awareness and appropriate changes will be left behind, losing, despite the glorious past.
We are standing before the moment of the historical hinge of journalism, but without proper awareness, suggesting how to change, the appropriate response will be lagged behind, losing even though the past is glorious.
In the last years of the twentieth century, in the early 21st century, the world witnessed the rapid development of information technology, especially digital technology. From the advent of the Internet to the revolution of web 2.0, the emergence of the terms “blog, vlogs, post, forum”. In recent years, social networks, mobile applications, tablets, smartphones (smartphones), audiovisual tools have brought humanity into a high-level digital era, making fundamentally change the nature of communication, interaction between individuals and individuals and between individuals and society.
“Digital tsunami” hits every corner of life, has a strong and profound impact on all relationships of people, all circles, all areas of social life, from politics to economy and literature, chemical, social, security, defense, foreign affairs; from production to service and consumption in almost every country and territory worldwide.
Decline, even “predicted risk” of newspapers and traditional journalism
Digital trend is irreversible in the current development process of the world. And the press and the media – as an industry that is always in contact with the earliest, the most responsive response to all social changes, of course, cannot escape the trajectory of this development.
In particular, traditional newspapers, including radio, television, printed newspapers … are the areas most affected. It can be said, we are standing before the time of hinged history of journalism but if not properly aware, suggesting ways to change, appropriate response will be lagged behind, losing even though the past is glorious .
In a report made at the end of 2015, the Brookings Institute, a leading global strategic research agency in the United States, put the number in the world’s largest newspaper market, the United States, as follows: If 1945 , the number of printed newspapers per hundred million people in the United States is 1,400, but by 2014, this number has dropped sharply, to only 400.
The amount of circulating capital in the newspaper industry decreased from 35% to 15%, the number of journalists registered in the US decreased from 43,000 in 1978 to 33,000 in 2015. A series of printed newspapers are long and famous. In the United States, it is required to close or suspend the printed publication to switch to electronic publications, notably the San Francisco Chronicle, Boston Globe or Newsweek …
In addition to the United States, the world’s second-largest newspaper market, Europe, also witnessed a dramatic decline in print. Since 2008, half of the printed newspapers in the UK have cut personnel or reduced the number of publications.
Major newspapers like El Pais (Spain), Le Monde (France), Der Spiegel (Germany) all cut their staff, the circulation drops to 1/3 or 1/2 and all of them turn to develop content to digital technology platforms.